非洲野生动物出口贸易的真相

非洲大陆是世界上一些最具标志性的野生动物的家园。但很多残酷的野生动物贸易也发生在这里,包括合法和非法贸易。

我们正处于维系生物多样性的临界点——必须立即采取行动,以避免成千上万的物种因贸易而灭绝,以及防范对我们人类自身带来的风险。

了解野生动物从被捕获到运输至世界各地这一过程中所经受的伤害和痛苦——贝宁传统医药市场,刚果灰鹦鹉诱捕交易,以及南非狮骨出口——它们还只是非洲野生动物贸易的冰山一角。

思考我们能做些什么,保护野生动物和人类共同的家园。

来自西非的蟒蛇

在过去的45年中,西非向欧洲、亚洲和北美出口了300多万条球蟒。 

球蟒是非洲合法出口量最大的活体动物,但这并不能表明其贸易的安全性或可持续性。

有充分的证据表明,野外捕获的或人工繁育的爬行类动物都是病原体的潜在携带者,比如寄生虫或病毒,尤其是引起人类疾病的细菌。蛇类身上所携带的病毒,能够在其本身健康不受影响的情况下致使人类患病。

西非的野生动物市场还交易蝙蝠、果子狸、灵长类等其他动物,这增加了传播更危险、更致命的病原体的风险。

球蟒成为受欢迎异宠的原因之一是人们误解其不需要特殊的照顾。但事实上,在圈养环境中,对于包括球蟒在内的蛇类来说,即便是满足其最基本的需求,也有非常复杂的特定要求。

这些被误解的动物从被捕获或在繁育场所中出生那一刻起,便终生在圈养环境中遭受痛苦。

跟随球蟒飘洋过海。

贝宁的传统医药市场

在拍摄一部球蟒异宠贸易的纪录片的过程中,我们发现了西非传统医药和宗教市场的野生动物制品和贸易链,市场中陈列着穿山甲的头、狒狒的头骨和死去的鸟类,旁边还有陆龟等活体动物。

贝宁的传统医药市场如同野生动物的地狱,这里有猴子、蛇、乌龟、麝香猫、犬、猫等很多动物的头部,数百种、成千上万只动物,被摆放在桌子上售卖,令人毛骨悚然。我和Will Foster-Grundy导演多年来一直在报道人兽冲突议题,但这个市场对于我们来说仍是一个巨大冲击。
– 环境摄影记者 Aaron Gekoski
  • 大量动物被关在卫生条件恶劣的环境中,在狭小的笼子中,它们忍受着巨大压力和痛苦。 恶劣的卫生条件加上与人类的直接接触为病毒的滋生和传播创造了温床。
    – “野生动物并非宠物”项目全球负责人 Cassandra Koenen
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • “Investigaciones han mostrado que los pangolines podrían haber transmitido el COVID-19 a los humanos, pero nadie lo sabe con certeza. Otros mamíferos como los murciélagos, los camellos y las civetas tienen la capacidad de albergar y transmitir coronavirus como el COVID-19”.
    – Gilbert Sape, Director global de campaña: Silvestres. No Medicina.
  • “Los mercados de medicina tradicional de Benín son como escenas de una película de terror. Vimos las cabezas de monos, serpientes, tortugas, civetas, perros, gatos y muchos animales más. Miles de animales, entre cientos de especies, están sobre mesas como en una macabra exhibición. El director Will Foster-Grundy y yo hemos cubierto historias sobre el conflicto humano animal por años, sin embargo, estos mercados siguen siendo impactantes para el sistema”.
    – Aaron Gekoski, fotoperiodista ambiental galardonado.
  • “Los jaguares ya enfrentan desafíos por la destrucción de su hábitat y el conflicto con los humanos por su territorio. Ahora son asesinados cruelmente o heridos y abandonados para morir. Existen reportes de que los cazadores han disparado hasta siete veces contra un jaguar, provocándole una muerte prolongada y dolorosa. Con la apertura del hábitat de los jaguares, se incrementan los encuentros entre los animales y los mineros, los agricultores y los madereros, quienes les disparan de manera oportunista”.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Asesor de Investigaciones
  • “Existe una gran cantidad de animales que son mantenidos en condiciones pobres de higiene, confinados en pequeñas jaulas, donde probablemente sus sistemas inmunes se debilitan a causa del estrés. La falta de higiene, combinada con el contacto directo con humanos, crea condiciones ideales para el desarrollo y la propagación de virus”.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Directora global de campañas de vida silvestre: Silvestres. No mascotas.
  • 科学研究表明,穿山甲、蝙蝠、果子狸等野生动物是一些人兽共患病病毒的携带者。
    –   
  • 贝宁的传统医药市场如同野生动物的地狱,这里有猴子、蛇、乌龟、麝香猫、犬、猫等很多动物的头部,数百种、成千上万只动物,被摆放在桌子上售卖,令人毛骨悚然。我和Will Foster-Grundy导演多年来一直在报道人兽冲突议题,但这个市场对于我们来说仍是一个巨大冲击。
    – 环境摄影记者 Aaron Gekoski
  • 美洲豹面临着栖息地破坏以及人兽冲突的挑战。现在它们被猎杀。曾报道过一只美洲豹被猎人射击了七次,导致其漫长而痛苦地死亡。 随着美洲豹栖息地的开发,它们与矿工、农民和伐木工的接触也逐渐增加,而这些人会趁机射杀它们。
    – 调查顾问 Nicholas Bruschi
  • Des recherches ont démontré que les pangolins pourraient potentiellement avoir transmis la COVID-19 aux humains, mais personne n’en a la certitude. D’autres mammifères, comme les chauves-souris, les chameaux et les civettes sont capables d’être des hôtes et de transmettre des coronavirus comme la COVID-19.
    – Gilbert Sape, chef de la campagne de protection de la faune Faune, au lieu de médicament
  • Les marchés de médecine traditionnelle au Bénin ressemblaient à des scènes d’un film d’horreur. Nous avons vu des têtes de singes, de serpents, de tortues, de civettes, de chiens, de chats, et même plus; des milliers d’animaux et des centaines d’espèces étendus sur des tables dans des présentations macabres. Le réalisateur Will Foster-Grundy et moi avons longtemps couvert les conflits entre humains et animaux, et malgré cela, ces marchés ont provoqué chez nous un choc immense.
    – Aaron Gekoski, photojournaliste environnemental primé
  • Lorsque de grands nombres d’animaux sont maintenus dans de piètres conditions d’hygiène — les animaux sont entassés dans des cages, où ils sont susceptibles de fragiliser leur système immunitaire en raison du stress —, ce manque d’hygiène, combiné à un contact humain direct, crée un terrain fertile pour l’émergence et la propagation de virus.
    – Cassandra Koenen, chef de la campagne de protection de la faune Faune, au lieu de compagnon
  • Les jaguars sont déjà confrontés à la destruction de leur habitat et à des conflits avec les humains. Ils sont maintenant tués cruellement, ou blessés et laissés pour morts. Des rapports révèlent que des jaguars ont été tirés jusqu’à sept fois par des chasseurs, entraînant ainsi une mort prolongée et douloureuse. L’empiètement sur l’habitat des jaguars augmente également les rencontres entre les jaguars et des mineurs, des fermiers et des bûcherons, qui les prennent opportunément pour cible.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, conseiller aux enquêtes
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • "Pesquisas mostraram que os pangolins podem ter transmitido a COVID-19 para humanos, mas ninguém sabe ao certo. Outros mamíferos, como morcegos, camelos e civetas, são reservatórios ou fontes de infecção de patógenos como o coronavírus".
    – Gilbert Sape, Gerente Global de Vida Silvestre da Proteção Animal Mundial
  • "Os mercados de medicina tradicional são verdadeiros filmes de terror. Vimos cabeças de macacos, cobras, tartarugas, civetas, cães, gatos e muito mais; milhares de animais, de centenas de espécies, dispostos sobre as mesas como uma exposição macabra. Eu e o diretor Will Foster-Grundy cobrimos conflitos entre humanos e animais por anos, mas esses mercados ainda são um choque para o sistema."
    – Aaron Gekoski, Fotojornalista Ambiental Premiado
  • "As onças já enfrentam desafios com a destruição de seus habitats, além de conflitos frequentes com humanos. Elas são cruelmente caçadas e feridas, muitas vezes deixadas para morrer depois de mutiladas. Há relatos de onças sendo baleadas por até sete vezes pelos caçadores, encarando uma morte prolongada e extremamente dolorosa. Com a crescente exploração de seu habitat natural, aumentam-se os encontros entre esses animais e mineradores, agricultores e madeireiros – que atiram nelas de forma oportunista"
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigador.
  • "Com uma enorme quantidade de animais mantidos em condições precárias de higiene – a maioria amontoada em gaiolas apertadas, aumenta-se a probabilidade de enfraquecimento da imunidade devido ao estresse. Essa falta de higiene combinada ao contato direto com humanos é a condição ideal para que os vírus surjam e se espalhem."
    – Cassandra Koenen, Chefe Global da Campanha Animal Silvetsre Não É Pet da Proteção Animal Mundial
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Jaguars already face the challenges of habitat destruction and human animal conflicts. They are now cruelly killed,or injured and left to die. There are reports of jaguars being shot up to seven times by hunters, leading to a protracted and painful death. With the jaguar's habitat being opened, this also increases encounters between jaguars and miners, farmers and loggers, who shoot them opportunistically.
    – Nicholas Bruschi, Investigations Advisor
  • With large numbers of animals kept in poor hygiene conditions the animals are kept in cramped cages, where they will eventually develop weakened immunities due to stress. This lack of hygiene combined with direct human contact creates a hot bed for viruses to mutate and develop.
    – Cassandra Koenen, Global Head of Wildlife Campaigns, Wildlife Not Pets
  • Research has shown that pangolins could potentially have spread COVID-19 to humans, but nobody knows for certain. Other mammals such as bats, camels and civets are capable or hosting and transmitting coronaviruses such as COVID-19
    – Gilbert Sape, Global Head of Wildlife Campaign, Bears and Traditional Medicine
  • The traditional medicine markets in Benin were like scenes from a horror movie. We saw the heads of monkeys, snakes, turtles, civets, dogs, cats, and more; thousands of animals, across hundreds of species laid out on tables in macabre displays. Director Will Foster-Grundy and I have covered stories of human-animal conflict for years, yet the markets were still a shock to the system.
    – Award Winning Environmental Photojournalist Aaron Gekoski

来自非洲中西部的灰鹦鹉

研究表明,多达130万只的野生灰鹦鹉被从非洲森林偷猎,这一物种已濒临灭绝。

猎人在西非多个国家捕捉灰鹦鹉,刚果民主共和国(DRC)是重灾区。

用于走私的野生非洲灰鹦鹉被捕获后,猎人会砍下它们的羽翼以防其逃跑,然后装入狭小肮脏的板条箱中等待运输。仅在出口前,这些鹦鹉的死亡率就高达66%。而对于那些在旅途中幸存的鹦鹉,等待它们的将是终生禁锢的圈养生活——成为人类的宠物。

尽管将野生非洲灰鹦鹉用于国际商业贸易是非法的,但这些鹦鹉仍在被非法捕获以满足人们将其作为宠物的需求。商人利用运输绿鹦鹉的合法贸易,非法出口灰鹦鹉。他们会混合这两种鹦鹉,塞满装运箱,但只记录板条箱中装有绿鹦鹉。

走私商人甚至在窗口上贴上绿色纱帘,这样即使有人从板条箱的窗口往里看,看到的所有鸟也都是绿色的。

在野外,猎人通过涂满胶水的树枝诱捕非洲灰鹦鹉,之后灰鹦鹉被塞进狭小的箱子中,在缺乏足够饮食和空间的状况下忍受着长途飞行运输,然后在目的地开始其作为人类宠物被圈养禁锢的一生。

Video: The lion bone trade

来自南非的狮骨

目前,南非约有8000-12000头狮子被圈养在300-400个养殖场。南非是养殖狮子制品的最大出口国,包括狮骨、头骨、骨架、爪子和牙齿的。狮骨被运往全球各地,用于亚洲传统医药,特别是狮骨酒和骨膏。

南非的狮骨贸易和出口合法,并有年度配额。但是,2018年的一项研究显示,多达配额三倍以上的狮子被杀害,并通过虚假申报出口。

2007年至2016年,南非是狮子制品的最大出口国。据统计,在2008年至2016年间, 70公吨狮骨制品从南非运输出口。

在贫瘠的环境中,集中饲养数量庞大的大型猫科动物,不仅给动物带来伤害,不必要的人与野生动物的亲密接触还存在人兽共患病的传播风险。 

你有能力改变现状

许多野生动物物种正在走向灭绝;每天都有数以百万计的动物在遭受痛苦;这些动物被迫忍受的环境是疾病的温床;疾病可以在野生动物和人类之间传播。

请加入我们的倡议,支持全球野生动物商业贸易禁令。